Glossary G-K

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Gain: Gain is an increase in signal power by amplification, expressed as the ratio of output to input. Antenna gain is a measure of the ability of the antenna to focus signal waves in a particular direction. A single dipole antenna (rabbit ears are single dipole TV antenna) is said to have 0 gain.


Gauge: Gauge is a unit used to measure wire thickness. The smaller the number, the thicker the wire. (i.e. 10 gauge wire is much thicker than 16 gauge wire).


Geostationary: Satellites orbit the Earth 22,300 miles above the Equator and rotate at the same relative speed and direction as the Earth's surface. Therefore, the satellites appear stationary. There are nearly 40 satellites currently in this type of orbit over North America, and well over 100 around the globe.


Hard Reset A hard reset is the same as rebooting a computer. First turn the unit off, unplug the power cord, remove the access card, reinstall the access card, wait 1 minute and plug the power cord back in. Turn it back on. That's it! For help in located your access card go here.


HDTV: High Definition Television is a digital television format, which combines high-resolution video and theater like sound to create a movie theater quality TV viewing experience.


Installation: Setting up the customer's dish and equipment to receive DBS programming. Installation includes mounting the satellite dish antenna, positioning it to receive a signal, and activating service.


Installer Technician: A trained field service technician that provides installation services of DISH network, DirecTV, DirecWay or Starband Systems.


Interactive TV: An interactive television service that lets you use the enclosed remote control to access up-to-the-minute news, sports, financial information, weather, get program trivia, respond to free offers and shop, all while you watch TV.


Internet Service Provider (ISP):
An organization providing Internet access to the public using computer servers connected
directly to the Internet.


IRD (Integrated Receiver Decoder): A satellite receiver with a built-in decoder for unscrambling subscription channels. It is usually called the receiver.


Kbps: Kilobits per second. Refers to transmission speed of 1,000 bits per second.


Ka-Band: Band of frequencies from 19 to 30 Ghz (billion cycles per second) that are used by DirecTV, Dish Network and WildBlue along with others, for HDTV, MPEG4, Broadband Internet and general data. Ka band provides faster data transfer rates which is needed for MPEG4 and other fast data protocols for voice, video and data.


KaKu: Refers to a Satellite Dish used to receiver both ka and ku satellite signals. Go here for more information


Ku-band: Band of frequencies from 11 to 14 GHz (billion cycles per second) that are used increasingly by communications satellites. Requires large ground antennas, usually 6 to 12 feet in diameter.

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